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Graduate Seminar


Peace operations and post-conflict reconstruction


API 6337

Graduate School of Public and International Affairs

University of Ottawa

Spring-Summer 2017


Prof. Roland Paris

Office: FSS 5063

Office hours: By appointment


Course Description

Concepts and practice of peacekeeping, peace-making and post-conflict reconstruction. Topics include the history and development of peace operations before and after the Cold War, early warning and conflict prevention, humanitarian intervention, the role of military and civilian actors in peace operations, and the rehabilitation of countries after civil war.


Reaction papers


Midterm exam (May 17)


Final exam (June 12)


Class Participation


Reaction Papers

Students will write three reaction papers commenting on the readings for any three sessions of the course.  Each paper may be a maximum of seven double-spaced pages (normal fonts and margins). It must be submitted by 5 p.m. on the day before the relevant class meeting. Late papers will be subject to penalties (see the lateness policy, below). Please number your pages, include your name on the first page, and email your papers to me by the deadline.

Midterm Exam

The midterm will cover all course materials through to May 17. Duration: 2 hours.

Final Exam

The final exam will cover the entire course. Duration: 3 hours.

Class Participation

The participation grade will be based not only on students’ regular involvement in seminar discussions but also on evidence that they have completed, and understood, the weekly readings.


Follow links on the syllabus. To access subscriber-only material, you may either: (1) connect to the library website from a University of Ottawa-networked computer, or (2) follow these instructions for off-campus access: You will be provided with copies of the readings that are not linked to the syllabus.

Cheating and Plagiarism

Academic fraud – including plagiarism, submitting work that was produced by someone else, or submitting the same work in more than one course – may result in a failing grade for a particular assignment, a failing grade for the course, and/or suspension for various lengths of time or permanent expulsion from the university.  The onus is on each student to know and comply with the university’s regulations on academic fraud.

Lateness Policy

There will be a penalty for late submissions. Exceptions are made only for illness or other serious situations deemed as such by the professor. University regulations require all absences from exams and all late submissions due to illness to be supported by a medical certificate. The Faculty reserves the right to accept or reject the reason put forth if it is not medical. Reasons such as travel, work and errors made while reading the exam schedule are not usually accepted. In the event of an illness or related complications, only the counseling service and the campus clinic (located at 100 Marie-Curie) may issue valid certificates to justify a delay or absence. Each day of late submission will result in a penalty of 5% (weekends included). This also applies to assignments sent by email (time of receipt of the email indicates the time of delivery). Please notify the professor as soon as possible if a religious holiday or event forces your absence during an evaluation.

Mental Health and Wellness

The University of Ottawa is committed to the wellbeing of its students and to ensuring that every student can experience good mental health in order to complete their work and participate fully in university life. For more information, visit,

Sexual Violence

The University of Ottawa does not tolerate any form of sexual violence. Sexual violence refers to any act of a sexual nature committed without consent, such as rape, sexual harassment or online harassment. The University, as well as student and employee associations, offers a full range of resources and services allowing members of our community to receive information and confidential assistance and providing for a procedure to report an incident or make a complaint. For more information, visit




Course Schedule

May 1           Introduction to the Course


Global Peace Operations Review, “UN Peace Operations by the Numbers.”


UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, fact sheet.

May 3           Origins and Development of Peace Operations


Alan James, “The Peacekeeping Role of the League of Nations,” International Peacekeeping 6:1 (Spring 1999), pp. 154-60.


United Nations, Background document on UNEF, excerpts.


Marrack Goulding, “The Evolution of United Nations Peacekeeping,” International Affairs 69:3 (July 1993), excerpt.


David M. Malone and Karin Wermester, “Boom and Bust: The Changing Nature of UN Peacekeeping,” International Peacekeeping 7:4 (2000), pp. 37-54.


Roland Paris, At War’s End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 13-51.

May 8           The Rise of “Robust” Peacekeeping


Alex J. Bellamy and Charles T. Hunt, “Twenty-First Century UN Peace Operations: Protection, Force and the Changing Security Environment,” International Affairs 91:6 (November 2015), pp. 1277-98.


Mateja Peter, “Between Doctrine and Practice: The UN Peacekeeping Dilemma,” Global Governance 21:3 (July-September 2015), pp. 351-370.


Arthur Boutellis, “Can the UN Stabilize Mali? Towards a UN Stabilization Doctrine?” Stability 4:1 (June 2015).


Ty McCormick and Colum Lynch, “To Save Peacekeeping from Trump’s Budget Ax, Will the UN Embrace Fighting Terrorism?” Foreign Policy (March 29, 2017).

May 10        Dilemmas of Statebuilding


Barbara F. Walter, “Why Bad Governance Leads to Repeat Civil War,” Journal of Conflict Resolution 59:7 (2014) pp. 1242-72.


Roland Paris and Timothy D. Sisk, “Confronting the Contradictions,” in Paris and Sisk, eds., Dilemmas of Statebuilding: Confronting the Contradictions of Postwar Peace Operations (Routledge, 2009), pp. 304-315.


Astri Suhrke, “Statebuilding in Afghanistan: A Contradictory Engagement,” Central Asian Survey 32:3 (2013), pp. 271-286.


Roland Paris, “Saving Liberal Peacebuilding,” Review of International Studies 36:2 (April 2010), pp. 337-365.

May 15        ‘Micro’ and ‘Macro’ Approaches


Séverine Autesserre, “International Peacebuilding and Local Success: Assumptions and Effectiveness,” International Studies Review (2017), online in advance of print.


Andrea Ruggeri, Han Dorussen and Theodora-Ismene Gizelis, “Winning the Peace Locally: UN Peacekeeping and Local Conflict,” International Organization 71:1 (January 2017), pp. 163-185.


Florian Bieber, “Local Institutional Engineering: A Tale of Two Cities, Mostar and Brčko,” International Peacekeeping 12:3 (2005), pp. 420-433.


Roland Paris, “The Geopolitics of Peace Operations: A Research Agenda,” International Peacekeeping 21:4 (2014), pp. 501-508.

May 17        Midterm Exam

May 22        No meeting (Victoria Day)

May 24        Early Warning and Conflict Prevention


Lars-Erik Cederman and Nils B. Weidmann, “Predicting Armed Conflict: Time to Adjust Our Expectations?” Science 355:6324 (February 2017), pp. 474-476.

Ernesto Verdeja, “Predicting Genocide and Mass Atrocities,” Genocide Studies and Prevention 9:3 (2016), pp. 12-32.


Micah Zenko and Rebecca R. Friedman, “UN Early Warning for Preventing Conflict,” International Peacekeeping 18:1 (2011), pp. 21-37.


Gilbert M. Khadiagala, “Regionalism and Conflict Resolution: Lessons from the Kenyan Crisis,” Journal of Contemporary African Studies 27:3 (July 2009), pp. 431-444.


Scan these websites:


Fragile States Index


Early Warning Project

May 29        Mass Atrocities and the Responsibility to Protect


Paul D. Williams, “The R2P, Protection of Civilians, and UN Peacekeeping Operations,” in Alex J. Bellamy and Tim Dunne, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).


Roland Paris, “The ‘Responsibility to Protect’ and the Structural Problems of Preventive Humanitarian Intervention,” International Peacekeeping 21:5 (2014), pp. 569-603.


Jason Ralph and Adiran Gallagher, “Legitimacy Faultlines in International Society: The Responsibility to Protect and Prosecute after Libya,” Review of International Studies 41:3 (July 2015), pp. 553-73.


Jennifer M. Welsh, “R2P’s Next Ten Years: Deepening and Extending the Consensus,” ,” in Alex J. Bellamy and Tim Dunne, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

May 31        Gender and Peace Operations


United Nations Development Fund for Women, “Security Council Resolution 1325:

Annotated and Explained”


UN Women, “Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace: A Global Study on the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325,” (2015).


Anne-Kathrin Kreft, “The Gender Mainstreaming Gap: Security Council Resolution 1325 and UN Peacekeeping Mandates,” International Peacekeeping 24:1 (2017), pp. 132-158.


Barbara Crossette, “Fixing UN Peacekeeping Operations: The World’s Most Complicated Army,” Peace Operations Review (May 31, 2016).

June 5          Improving Peace Operations?


Report of the Secretary-General on Women and Peace and Security (Sept. 29, 2016).


Report of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (June 16, 2015).


UN Secretary-General’s reply to the High-Level panel report (Sept. 2, 2015).


Report of the Secretary-General’s Advisory Group of Experts on the 2015 Review of the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture (June 29, 2015).


Antonio Guterres, “My Vision for Revitalizing the United Nations,” Newsweek (January 20, 2017).

June 7          Canada and Peace Operations


Greg Donaghy, “The Politics of Accommodation: Canada, the Middle East, and the Suez Crisis, 1950-1956,” International Journal 71:2 (2016), pp. 313-327.


Roland Paris, “Are Canadians Still Liberal Internationalists? Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in the Harper Era,” International Journal 69:3 (September 2014), pp. 274-307.


Speaking Notes for the Honourable Harjit S. Sajjan, Minister of National Defence (Sept. 8, 2016).


Evan Cinq-Mars, “Contributor Profile: Canada,” Providing for Peacekeeping (April 2017).

June 12       Final Exam