Description: Description: Description: École supérieure d'affaires publiques et internationales

 

Master’s Seminar

 

The return of geopolitical rivalry

 

API 6339

Graduate School of Public and International Affairs

University of Ottawa

Winter 2021

 

Prof. Roland Paris

Office: FSS 6053

Office hours: By appointment

Email: rparis@uottawa.ca

Course Description

This course will examine the causes, characteristics and possible consequences of the recent intensification of major-power rivalry in international politics, including in the military, economic and cyber domains.

Requirements

Response papers (3 x 15%)

45%

Midterm exam

15%

Final exam

30%

Participation

10%

Response papers

You will write three response papers during the semester. Deadline: 12 noon the day before the relevant class meeting. Late papers will be subject to penalties (see lateness policy below). Detailed instructions will be provided in class.

Midterm exam

The midterm exam will cover all the course material up to the date of the exam. It will take place during the regular class period. Duration: 1.5 hours.

Final exam

The final exam will cover the entire course. It will be a take home exam, during the exam period. Duration: 24 hours. You must write the final exam to pass the course.

Participation

The participation grade will be based not only on your involvement in seminar discussions, but also on evidence that you have completed and understood the weekly readings. If circumstances make it difficult for you to participate in online discussions, please speak to the professor.

Readings

Click on the links in the course schedule, below. To access subscriber-only material, you may either: (1) connect to the library website from a University of Ottawa-networked computer, or (2) follow these instructions for off-campus access: http://www.biblio.uottawa.ca/html/Page?node=get-access&lang=en.

Cheating and Plagiarism

Academic fraud – including plagiarism, submitting work that was produced by someone else, or submitting the same work in more than one course – may result in a failing grade for a particular assignment, a failing grade for the course, and/or suspension for various lengths of time or permanent expulsion from the university. The onus is on each student to know and comply with the university’s regulations on academic fraud.

Lateness Policy

There will be a penalty for late submissions. Exceptions are made only for illness or other serious situations deemed as such by the professor. University regulations require all absences from exams and all late submissions due to illness to be supported by a medical certificate. The Faculty reserves the right to accept or reject the reason put forth if it is not medical. Reasons such as travel, work and errors made while reading the exam schedule are not usually accepted. Each day of late submission will result in a penalty of 5%, weekends included. This also applies to assignments sent by email (time of receipt of the email indicates the time of delivery). Papers will not be accepted after the class in which they are discussed. Please notify the professor as soon as possible if a religious holiday or event forces your absence during an evaluation.

Mental Health and Wellness

The University of Ottawa is committed to the wellbeing of its students and to ensuring that every student can experience good mental health in order to complete their work and participate fully in university life. For more information, visit http://sass.uottawa.ca/en/personal/services/mental-health-wellness,

Sexual Violence

The University of Ottawa does not tolerate any form of sexual violence. Sexual violence refers to any act of a sexual nature committed without consent, such as rape, sexual harassment or online harassment. The University, as well as student and employee associations, offers a full range of resources and services allowing members of our community to receive information and confidential assistance and providing for a procedure to report an incident or make a complaint. For more information, visit www.uOttawa.ca/sexual-violence-support-and-prevention.

 

 

 

Course Schedule

I. FOUNDATIONS

Jan. 13          Introduction to the Course

 

Walter Russell Mead, “The Return of Geopolitics,” Foreign Affairs 93:3 (May 2014), pp. 69-79.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=95603431&site=ehost-live

 

G. John Ikenberry, “The Illusion of Geopolitics,” Foreign Affairs 93:3 (May 2014), pp. 80-90.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=95603432&site=ehost-live

Jan. 20          Power and Change

 

Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics (Cambridge University Press, 1981), chapter 1, “The Nature of International Political Change.”

https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511664267.003

 

Alexander Cooley, Daniel Nexon and Steven Ward, “Revising Order or Challenging the Balance of Military Power? An Alternative Typology of Revisionist and Status-Quo States,” Review of International Studies 45: 4 (Oct. 2019), pp. 689-708.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210519000019

 

Michael Barnett and Raymond Duvall, “Power in International Politics,” International Organization 59:1 (Winter 2005), pp. 39-75.

www.jstor.org/stable/3877878

Jan. 27          Ideology and Identity

 

J. David Singer, “The Level-of-Analysis Problem in International Relations,” World Politics 14:1 (Oct. 1961), pp. 77-92.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2009557

 

Mark L. Haas, “Ideological Polarity and Balancing in Great Power Politics,” Security Studies 23:4 (2014), pp. 715-753.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09636412.2014.964991

 

Bentley B. Allan, Srdjan Vucetic and Ted Hopf, “The Distribution of Identity and the Future of International Order: China's Hegemonic Prospects,” International Organization 72:4 (Fall 2018), pp. 839-869.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818318000267

II. THE CONTENDERS

Feb. 3            The United States

 

Joseph S. Nye, “The Rise and Fall of American Hegemony from Wilson to Trump,” International Affairs 95:1 (Jan. 2019), pp. 63-80.

https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiy212

 

Rubrick Biegon, “A Populist Grand Strategy? Trump and the Framing of American Decline,” International Relations 33:4 (Dec. 2019), pp. 517–539.

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0047117819852399

 

Patrick Porter, “Why America's Grand Strategy Has Not Changed: Power, Habit, and the U.S. Foreign Policy Establishment,” International Security 42:4 (Spring 2018), pp 9-46.

https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/full/10.1162/isec_a_00311

 

Joseph R. Biden, Jr., “Why America Must Lead Again,” Foreign Affairs 99:2 (March-April 2020), pp. 64-68, 70-76.

https://www.proquest.com/magazines/why-america-must-lead-again-rescuing-u-s-foreign/docview/2357406790/se-2?accountid=14701

Feb. 10          China

 

Avery Goldstein, “China's Grand Strategy under Xi Jinping: Reassurance, Reform, and Resistance,” International Security 45:1 (2020), pp. 164-201.

https://muse.jhu.edu/article/761085

 

Oriana Skylar Mastro, “The Stealth Superpower: How China Hid Its Global Ambitions,” Foreign Affairs 98:1 (Jan. 2019), pp. 31-39.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=133503986&site=ehost-live

 

Maximilian Mayer, “China’s Historical Statecraft and the Return of History,” International Affairs 94:6 (Nov. 2018), pp. 1217-1235.

https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiy209

 

Minghao Zhao, “Is a New Cold War Inevitable? Chinese Perspectives on US–China Strategic Competition,” Chinese Journal of International Politics 12:3 (Autumn 2019), pp. 371-394.

https://doi.org/10.1093/cjip/poz010

Feb. 17          No Meeting (University Break)

Feb. 24          Midterm Exam

March 3        Russia

 

Andrew Radin and Clint Reach, Russian Views of the International Order (RAND, 2017).

https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1826.html

 

Michael McFaul, “Putin, Putinism, and the Domestic Determinants of Russian Foreign Policy,” International Security 45:2 (2020), pp. 95-139.

https://muse-jhu-edu.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/article/771526

 

Rod Thornton, “The Russian Military’s New ‘Main Emphasis,’” RUSI Journal 162:4 (2017), pp. 18-28.

https://doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2017.1381401

 

Thomas Graham, “Let Russia Be Russia: The Case for a More Pragmatic Approach to Moscow,” Foreign Affairs 98:6 (Nov. 2019), pp. 134-146.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=139082695&site=ehost-live

March 10      Europe

 

Erik Jones and Anand Menon, “Europe: Between Dream and Reality?” International Affairs 95:1 (Jan. 2019), pp. 161-180.

https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiy237

 

Alina Polyakova and Benjamin Haddad, “Europe Alone: What Comes After the Transatlantic Alliance,” Foreign Affairs 98:4 (July 2019), pp. 109-120.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=136923449&site=ehost-live

 

Mark Leonard and Jeremy Shapiro, “Sovereign Europe, Dangerous World: Five Agendas to Protect Europe’s Capacity to Act,” European Council on Foreign Relations, Policy Brief (Dec. 1, 2020).

https://ecfr.eu/publication/sovereign-europe-dangerous-world-five-agendas-to-protect-europes-capacity-to-act/

 

Josep Borrell, “Embracing Europe’s Power,” Project Syndicate (Feb. 8, 2020).

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/embracing-europe-s-power-by-josep-borrell-2020-02

 

Christopher S. Browning, “Geostrategies, Geopolitics and Ontological Security in the Eastern Neighbourhood: The European Union and the ‘New Cold War,’” Political Geography 62 (January 2018), pp. 106-115.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2017.10.009

III. FIELDS OF COMPETITION

March 17      Geo-Economics

 

Robert D. Blackwell and Jennifer M. Harris, War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft (Harvard University Press, 2016), chapters 1 and 3.

Chapter 1: https://doi-org.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/10.4159/9780674545960-003

Chapter 3: https://doi-org.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/10.4159/9780674545960-005

 

Branko Milanovic, “The Clash of Capitalisms: The Real Fight for the Global Economy’s Future,” Foreign Affairs 99:1 (January 2020), pp. 10-21.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=140267217&site=ehost-live

 

Daniel W. Drezner, “Counter-Hegemonic Strategies in the Global Economy,” Security Studies 28:3 (2019), pp. 505-531.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09636412.2019.1604985

 

Henry Farrell and Abraham L. Newman, “Chained to Globalization: Why It’s Too Late to Decouple,” Foreign Affairs 99:1 (Jan. 2020), pp. 70-80.

https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=140267223&site=ehost-live

March 24      Emerging Technologies

 

Andrew B. Kennedy and Darren J. Lim, “The Innovation Imperative: Technology and US-China Rivalry in the Twenty-First Century,” International Affairs 94:3 (May 2018), pp. 553–572.

https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiy044

 

Torsten Riecke, “Resilience and decoupling in the era of great power competition,” Mercator Institute for China Studies, China Monitor (Aug. 20, 2020).

https://merics.org/en/report/resilience-and-decoupling-era-great-power-competition

 

Adam Segal, “The Coming Tech Cold War With China,” Foreign Affairs (Sept. 9, 2020).

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/north-america/2020-09-09/coming-tech-cold-war-china

 

United States, “National Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies” (October 2020).

https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/National-Strategy-for-CET.pdf

 

Steven Erlanger and Adam Satariano, “Europe Feels Squeeze as Tech Competition Heats Up Between U.S. and China,” New York Times (Sept. 11, 2020).

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/11/world/europe/eu-us-china-technology.html

March 31      Security

 

Warren Chin, “Technology, War and the State: Past, Present and Future,” International Affairs 95:4 (July 2019), pp. 765-783.

https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiz106

 

Christian Brose, “The New Revolution in Military Affairs,” Foreign Affairs 98:3 (May-June 2019), pp. 122-134.

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2019-04-16/new-revolution-military-affairs

 

Alexey Arbatov, “Saving Strategic Arms Control,” Survival 62:5 (2020), pp. 79-104.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2020.1819640

 

Thomas Paterson and Lauren Hanley, “Political Warfare in the Digital Age: Cyber Subversion, Information Operations and ‘Deep fakes,’” Australian Journal of International Affairs 74:4 (2020), pp. 439-454.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10357718.2020.1734772

 

Government of Canada, Canadian Centre for Cyber Security, “National Cyber Threat Assessment 2020”

https://www.cyber.gc.ca/en/guidance/national-cyber-threat-assessment-2020

April 7           Energy, Resources and Climate

 

Sophia Kalantzakos, “The Race for Critical Minerals in an Era of Geopolitical Realignments,” International Spectator 55:3 (2020), pp. 1-16.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03932729.2020.1786926

 

Global Commission on the Geopolitics of Energy Transformation, “A New World: The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation” (2019).

https://www.irena.org/publications/2019/Jan/A-New-World-The-Geopolitics-of-the-Energy-Transformation

 

Andreas Goldthau et al., “Model and Manage the Changing Geopolitics of Energy,” Nature 569 (2019), pp. 29-31.

https://media.nature.com/original/magazine-assets/d41586-019-01312-5/d41586-019-01312-5.pdf (pdf)

 

Jason Bordoff, “Everything You Think About the Geopolitics of Climate Change Is Wrong,” Foreign Policy (Oct. 5, 2020).

https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/10/05/climate-geopolitics-petrostates-russia-china/

 

Friedbert Pflüger, “A New Security Challenge: The Geopolitical Implications of Climate Change,” Atlantic Council (Feb. 10, 2020).

https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/energysource/a-new-security-challenge-the-geopolitical-implications-of-climate-change/

April 14         What Next?

 

Roland Paris, “The Right to Dominate: How Old Ideas about Sovereignty Pose New Challenges for World Order,” International Organization 74:3 (Summer 2020), pp. 453-489.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818320000077

 

Trine Flockhart, “The Coming Multi-Order World,” Contemporary Security Policy 37:1 (2016), pp. 3-30.

https://doi.org/10.1080/13523260.2016.1150053

 

Daniel W. Drezner, “The Song Remains the Same: International Relations After COVID-19,” International Organization, online supplemental issue (2020), pp. 1-18.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818320000351

 

Thomas Wright, “The Fraught Politics Facing Biden’s Foreign Policy,” Brookings Institution (Nov. 22, 2020).

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2020/11/23/the-fraught-politics-facing-bidens-foreign-policy/