Description: Description: Description: École supérieure d'affaires publiques et internationales



Graduate Seminar




API 6335A

Graduate School of Public and International Affairs

University of Ottawa

Fall 2019


Prof. Roland Paris

Office: FSS 6032

Office hours: By appointment


Course Description

This seminar examines both the concepts and practice of Canadian foreign policy during a period of change and uncertainty in international affairs. It examines the foundational ideas and forces shaping Canada’s foreign policy as well as key international issues and relationships – the US and North America, Asia, defence policy, development assistance, global governance and the Arctic – with the goal of understanding both the policy issues and the challenges and opportunities facing Canada. The course readings are a blend of scholarly and policy writings that permit students to apply core concepts to a selection of contemporary challenges facing Canadian foreign policymakers.


Midterm exam


Strategy paper (due Nov. 27)


Participation / discussion of readings


Final exam


Midterm Exam

The midterm exam covers all the course material up to the date of the exam.

Strategy Paper

Details of the written assignment will be provided in class. Deadline: November 27, 5 p.m. (See the lateness policy, below.)

Presentation/Discussion of Readings

The participation grade is based on your involvement in seminar discussions throughout the semester, demonstrating that you have completed and reflected on the readings.

Final Exam

The final exam covers the entire course. Failure to write the final exam will result in a failing grade for the course. Further information on the final exam will be provided in class.


Most of the readings are linked to this syllabus. To access subscriber-only material, you may either: (1) connect to the library website from a University of Ottawa-networked computer, or (2) follow these instructions for off-campus access: Some readings will be provided to you via email.

Cheating and Plagiarism

Academic fraud – including plagiarism, submitting work that was produced by someone else, or submitting the same work in more than one course – may result in a failing grade for a particular assignment, a failing grade for the course, and/or suspension for various lengths of time or permanent expulsion from the university.  The onus is on each student to know and comply with the university’s regulations on academic fraud.

Lateness Policy

There will be a penalty for late submissions. Exceptions are made only for illness or other serious situations deemed as such by the professor. University regulations require all absences from exams and all late submissions due to illness to be supported by a medical certificate. The Faculty reserves the right to accept or reject the reason put forth if it is not medical. Reasons such as travel, work and errors made while reading the exam schedule are not usually accepted. In the event of an illness or related complications, only the counseling service and the campus clinic (located at 100 Marie-Curie) may issue valid certificates to justify a delay or absence. Each day of late submission will result in a penalty of 5% (weekends included). This also applies to assignments sent by email (time of receipt of the email indicates the time of delivery). Please notify the professor as soon as possible if a religious holiday or event forces your absence during an evaluation.

Mental Health and Wellness

The University of Ottawa is committed to the wellbeing of its students and to ensuring that every student can experience good mental health in order to complete their work and participate fully in university life. For more information, visit,

Sexual Violence

The University of Ottawa does not tolerate any form of sexual violence. Sexual violence refers to any act of a sexual nature committed without consent, such as rape, sexual harassment or online harassment. The University, as well as student and employee associations, offers a full range of resources and services allowing members of our community to receive information and confidential assistance and providing for a procedure to report an incident or make a complaint. For more information, visit



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Course Schedule

Sept. 4          Introduction to the Course


John Lewis Gaddis, On Grand Strategy (Penguin, 2018), chapter 1, “Crossing the Hellespont.”


The Economist, “The Jungle Closes In” (February 9, 2019).


Randolf Mank, “Does Canada Need a Foreign Policy Review?”, Canadian Global Affairs Institute (January 2019).


Sept. 11        The Context of Canadian Foreign Policy


Kim Richard Nossal, Stéphane Roussel and Stéphane Paquin, The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, 4th edition (McGill-Queens University Press, 2015), pp. 1-180.


The book is available for purchase from the uOttawa bookstore. It is also available electronically through the library:

Sept. 18        Policy Paradigms


A. J. Miller, “The Functional Principle in Canada's External Relations,” International Journal 35:2 (Spring 1980), pp. 309-328.


Alan Gotlieb, “Romanticism and Realism in Canada’s Foreign Policy,” Policy Options (February 2005), pp. 16-27.


Roland Paris, “Are Canadians Still Liberal Internationalists? Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in the Harper Era,” International Journal 69:3 (September 2014), pp. 274-307.


Heather A. Smith, “Disrupting Internationalism and Finding the Others,” in Claire Turenne Sjolander, Heather Smith and Deborah Stienstra, eds., Feminist Perspectives on Canadian Foreign Policy (Oxford University Press, 2003), chapter 3, pp. 24-39.

Sept. 25        Foreign Policy Strategies since World War II: Primary Sources


Louis St. Laurent, “The Foundations of Canadian Policy in World Affairs,” Duncan and John Gray Memorial Lecture, University of Toronto, January 13, 1947.


Foreign Policy for Canadians (1970).


Competitiveness and Security: Directions for Canada’s International Affairs (1985).


Canada in the World (1995).


Lloyd Axworthy, “Canada and Human Security: The Need for Leadership,” International Journal 52:2 (1997), pp. 183-96.


A Role of Pride and Influence in the World (2005).


Stephen Harper, “Reviving Canadian Leadership in the World,” October 5, 2006.


Chrystia Freeland, “Address by Minister Freeland on Canada’s Foreign Policy Priorities,” June 6, 2017.


Oct. 2            Trumped: Relations with the United States


Robert W. Cox, “A Canadian Dilemma: The United States or the World,” International Journal 60:3 (Summer 2005), pp. 667-684.


Charles Doran, “The United States and Canada: In Search of Partnership,” in David Carment and Christopher Sands, eds., Canada-US Relations: Sovereignty or Shared Institutions? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), pp. 17-38.


Laura Dawson, “Canada’s Global Trade Options – Is There a Plan B?” in David Carment and Christopher Sands, eds., Canada-US Relations: Sovereignty or Shared Institutions? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), pp. 151-161.


Conference Board of Canada, “From NAFTA to CUSMA: The Changes, the Additions, and What Remains” (June 2019).


Plus, one of these two readings:


Todd Hataley and Christian Leuprecht, “Canada-US Security Cooperation: Interests, Institutions, Identity and Ideas,” in David Carment and Christopher Sands, eds., Canada-US Relations: Sovereignty or Shared Institutions? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), pp. 87-104.




Peter J. Stoett, “Fairweather Friends? Canada–United States Environmental Relations in the Days of Trump and the Era of Climate Change,” in David Carment and Christopher Sands, eds., Canada-US Relations: Sovereignty or Shared Institutions? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), pp. 105-123.

Oct. 9            Midterm Exam

Oct. 16          University Break Week

Oct. 23          Canada’s “Asia Problem”


Jeremy Paltiel, “Resolute Ambivalence: Canada's Strategy toward China and the Asia-Pacific,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 22:1 (2016), pp. 40-53.


Mary M. Young and Susan J. Henders, “’Other Diplomacies’ and the Making of Canada-Asia Relations,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 18:3 (2012), pp. 375-388.


Christopher J. Kukucha, “Neither Adapting nor Innovating: The Limited Transformation of Canadian Foreign Trade Policy since 1984,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 24:3 (2018), pp. 301-315.


Dewitt, David, Mary Young, Alex Brouse and Jinelle Piereder. “AWOL: Canada’s Defence Policy and Presence in the Asia Pacific,” International Journal 73:1 (March 2018), pp. 5-32.


Roland Paris, “Alone in the World? Making Sense of Canada’s Disputes with Saudi Arabia and China,” International Journal 74:1 (March 2019), pp. 151–161.

Oct. 30          No meeting

Nov. 6           Defence Policy


Roger Sarty, “The Interplay of Defense and Foreign Policy,” in Robert Bothwell and Jean Daudelin, eds., Canada Among Nations 2008: 100 Years of Canadian Foreign Policy (Montreal and Kingston: McGill‐Queen's University Press, 2009), pp. 111-141.


Christian Leuprecht and Joel Sokolsky, “Defence Policy ‘Walmart Style’: Canadian Lessons in ‘Not-So-Grand’ Grand Strategy,” Armed Forces and Society 41(3), 2015, pp. 541-562.


Department of National Defence. Strong, Secure, Engaged: Canada’s Defence Policy (2017)


Stéfanie von Hlatky and Justin Massie, “Ideology, Ballots, and Alliances: Canadian Participation in Multinational Military Operations,” Contemporary Security Policy 40:1 (2019), pp. 101-115.

Nov. 13         Development Assistance: To What Ends? With What Means?


Heiner Janus, Stephan Klingebiel and Sebastian Paulo, “Beyond Aid: A Conceptual Perspective on the Transformation of Development Cooperation,” Journal of International Development 27:2 (March 2015), pp. 155-169.


J. Alexander Thier and Douglas Alexander, “How to Save Foreign Aid in the Age of Populism,” Foreign Policy (August 13, 2019).


Government of Canada, “Canada’s Feminist International Assistance Policy,” Global Affairs Canada, 2017.


Rebecca Tiessen and Emma Swan, “Canada’s Feminist Foreign Policy Promises: An Ambitious Agenda for Gender Equality, Human Rights, Peace and Security,” in Norman Hillmer and Philippe Lagassé, eds., Justin Trudeau and Canadian Foreign Policy (Palgrave, 2018).


Stephen Brown, All about that Base? Branding and the Domestic Politics of Canadian Foreign Aid,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 24:2 (2018), pp. 145-164.

Nov. 20         Arctic: Cooperation or Contention?


Series: “How a Melting Arctic Changes Everything,” Bloomberg (2017):


Part 1: Eric Roston and Blacki Migliozzi, “The Bare Arctic,” April 19, 2017.


Part 2: Eric Roston and Blacki Migliozzi, “The Political Arctic,” May 16, 2017.


Part 3: Eric Roston, “The Economic Arctic,” December 29, 2017.


Page Wilson, “Society, Steward or Security Actor? Three Visions of the Arctic Council,” Cooperation and Conflict 51:1 (March 2016), pp. 55-74.


Keith Johnson and Reid Standish, “Putin and Xi Are Dreaming of a Polar Silk Road,” Foreign Policy (March 8, 2018).


Andreas Østhagen, Gregory Levi Sharp and Paal Sigurd Hilde, “At Opposite Poles: Canada’s and Norway’s Approaches to Security in the Arctic,” Polar Journal 8:1 (2018), pp. 163-181.

Nov. 27         The Rules-Based International Order


Robert Kagan, “The World America Made – and Trump Wants to Unmake,” Politico (Sept. 28, 2018).


Henry Farrell and Abraham L. Newman, “Weaponized Interdependence: How Global Economic Networks Shape State Coercion,” International Security 44:1 (Summer 2019), pp. 42-79.


Anne-Marie Slaughter, “How to Succeed in the Networked World: A Grand Strategy for the Digital Age,” Foreign Affairs (November-December 2016), pp. 76-81.


Roland Paris, “Can Middle Powers Save the Liberal World Order?” Chatham House (June 18, 2019).


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Final exam during exam period. Date and location TBA.