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The syntax and semantics of perspectival meanings: a cross-linguistic view
(2016-2019)
The possibility of coloring what we say with our own perspectives and points of view is a characterizing feature of human communication. This project studies the construction of perspectival meanings across different languages. By examining several case studies from diverse morpho-syntactic systems in a wide range of languages (a.o. Amerindian, Indo-Aryan, Balkan, Romance, Turkic, Slavic), this project investigates how linguistic form organizes the encoding of perspectival meanings, and how such meanings interact with other information encoded in grammars. The empirical focus is on three main types of perspectival meanings: (1) Epistemic Perspective, or the relation between what is said and what the speaker knows, (2) Evidential Perspective, or the relation between what is said and the evidence available to the speaker, and (3) Mirative Perspective, or the relation between what is said and what the speaker finds surprising.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Insight Grant 435-2016-1375 Main Investigator Ana Arregui, Co-investigators María Luisa Rivero and Andrés Pablo Salanova.