course syllabus

Overview of Distinctive Features

Assignment #3 is due on October, 30 (Tuesday), by 5 p.m.

Assignment #4 is due on November, 13 (Tuesday), by 5 p.m.

Assignment #5 is due on November, 27 (Tuesday), by 5 p.m.

Phonology 2100-1

Fall 2001

Detailed outline (subject to modifications)

DAY
TOPICS
READING
(*) graded assignments

Sept.6

Thursday

Overview

Syllabus, requirements. Phonology and phonetics. Generative phonology. Structure of the course.

——

Sept 11

Tuesday

Sound production

Vocal tract and stages of sound production. Glottal status; voice onset time.

Giegerich (on reserve)

Ladefoged (optional) (on reserve)

on-line phonetics course:

http://www.unil.ch/ling/phonetique/api-eng.html

Jensen: ch.1, p.4, p.8

 

Sept 13

Thursday

Consonants

Obstruents: stops, fricatives, affricates. Sonorants: nasals, trills, flaps, laterals, and glides. Place and manner of articulation. Active and passive articulators.

Giegerich (on reserve)

Jensen: ch.1, p.2-9

 

Sept 18

Tuesday

Vowels

Cardinal vowels and vowel space. Monophtongs and diphtongs.

Giegerich (on reserve)

Jensen: ch.1, p.9-11

 

Sept 20

Thursday

Phonetic symbols and transcription

IPA alphabet. Suprasegmentals. Broad and narrow transcription. Other symbols and diacritics.

Jensen: ch.1, p.11-12, p.19-24 (*1)

Sept 25

Tuesday

Distribution and representations

Distributions. Contrast vs predictability. Underlying representation and phoneme/basic form. Surface representation and allophones/alternants. Minimal pairs.

Jensen: ch.2, p. 27-34

Carr, on reserve: The phonemic principle.

(*1) is due.

 

Sept 27

Thursday

Distribution and representations (cont.)

Free variation. Basic Rule formalisms.

Jensen: ch.2, p.36-42  

Oct 2

Tuesday

Phonological processes

Assimilation, dissimilation, lenition, fortition, insertion, deletion, lengthening, shortening.

Pattern congruity.

Jensen: ch.2, p. 39-42, p.34-35, p.44-45

Spencer, on reserve. Summary of Common Segment Processes.

 

 

Oct 4

Thursday

Distinctive features-vowels

Phonological segments as complexes of (binary) features.

Turkish vowel harmony.

Jensen: ch.3, p.55-61  

Oct 9

Tuesday

Distinctive features-consonants

Major class features and consonants.

Jensen: ch.3, p.61-69

Spencer, on reserve. Distinctive Features and the Classification of Sounds.

 

 

Oct 11

Thursday

Distinctive features (cont.)

Overview of Distinctive Features.

Jensen: ch.3, p.69-73  

Oct 16

Tuesday

Review for Mid-term test

Jensen: ch.1-3  

Oct 18

Thursday

Mid-term test    

Oct 23

Tuesday

Alternations

Phonological form of morphemes.

Russian final obstruent devoicing

Jensen: ch.4, p.79-84  

Oct 25

Thursday

Alternations (cont.)

The ATR vowel harmony system in Pulaar and Yoruba.

 

Jensen: ch.4, p.84-87 (*3)

Oct 30

Tuesday

Alternations (cont.)

Phonological analysis (listing of distribution, stating the generalization, writing the rule, testing the rule with sample data). Other conventions.

Jensen: ch.4, p. 91-100

(*3) is due.

Nov 1

Thursday

Alternations (cont.)

Spanish lenition, fortition and nasal assimilation in Lumasaaba.

Jensen: ch.4, p.87-91  

Nov 6

Tuesday

Focus on rules

Syllable structure. Core syllable, complex syllables.

Velar softening in English.

Jensen: ch.4 (velar softening)

ch. 7 (syllable structure) s

 

Nov 8

Thursday

Focus on rules

Iterative rules

Spanish r-sounds.

Jensen: ch.5, p. 112-121 (*4)

Nov 13

Tuesday

Focus on rules

A case study: Yawelmani.

Jensen: ch.5, p.121-132

(*4) is due

 

Nov 15

Thursday

Focus on rules

Rules vs. lists. Rule ordering hypothesis.Rule interactions.

Jensen: ch.5, p.107-112;132-137  

Nov 20

Tuesday

Focus on rules

Exercises.

Jensen: ch. 5 (review)  

Nov 22

Thursday

Abstract representation

Simplicity, naturalness, degrees of abstractness.

Jensen: ch.6 (*5)

Nov 27

Tuesday

Recent advances in phon. theory

Post-SPE phonology: autosegmental phonology.

Jensen: ch.7

 

(*5) is due.

Nov 29

Thursday

Discussion of final exam    

Dec 14

Friday 14:00 - 17:00

Final exam    

course syllabus