Major Professional Productions Staged in Hardy's Lifetime: Checklist

The following is a checklist of professional productions, staged during Hardy's lifetime, of adaptations based upon his works and of which he was aware (even if, as occasionally happened, the only interest he took in them was fuelled by the vigorous hope of their discontinuance). The only exception to the list's restriction to performances occurring during Hardy's life is the inclusion of the posthumous (1929) revival of the Philip Ridgeway production of Hardy's own Tess, which gave Gertrude Bugler the opportunity at last to play the title role on a professional stage.

Far From the Madding Crowd, by J. Comyns Carr and Thomas Hardy. Opened at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool, 27 February 1882, with Marion Terry as Bathsheba and Charles Cartwright as Troy. After a provincial tour that included Bradford, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Newcastle, it opened at the Globe Theatre, London, 29 April 1882.

Cast (London): Gabriel Oak, Charles Kelley; Frank Troy, John H. Barnes; Joseph Poorgrass, A. Wood; Jan Coggan, H. E. Russell; Matthew Moon, C. Medwin; Will Robin, Mr. Carleton; Fanny Robin, Maggie Hunt; Lydia Smallbury, Alexis Leighton; Bathsheba Everdene. Mrs. Bernard-Beere.

The Three Wayfarers, adapted by Thomas Hardy from his short story "The Three Strangers". Opened on a bill with four other one-act plays (Becky Sharp, by James Barrie; Bud and Blossom, by Lady Colin Campbell; Foreign Policy, by Arthur Conan Doyle; An Interlude, by Walter H. Pollock and Mrs. W.K. Clifford), Terry's Theatre, London, 3 June 1893. These plays ran for six performances. It was performed again by the same cast with five other plays (Puppets, by J. F. McArdle; The Burglar and the Judge, by Charles Brookfield and F.C Phillips; A Visit to a Music Hall, performed by Bruce Smith; Mrs Hilary Regrets, by. S. Theyre Smith; A Pair of Lunatics, by W.R. Walkes) in a matinée at the Criterion Theatre, London, 20 July 1893.

Tess of the d'Urbervilles, adapted by Lorimer Stoddard. Opened at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York, 2 March 1897. With changes in the cast, Minnie Maddern Fiske then toured with the play, including presentations in Boston, Philadelphia and Chicago. It was back at the Fifth Avenue Theatre in March 1898, and remained in her touring repertoire for many years.

Cast: Angel Clare, Edward M. Bell; Alec d'Urberville, Charles Coghlan; John Durbeyfield, John Jack; Abraham Durbeyfield, Alice Pierce; Farmer Crick and Sheriff, W.L. Branscombe; Jonathan, Wilfred North; James, W.E. Butterfield; Tim, Alfred Hickman; Joan Durbeyfield, Mary E. Baker; Tess, Minnie Maddern Fiske; Liza Loo, Edith Wright; Marian, Annie Irish; Izz, Nellie Lingard; Retty, Bijou Fernandez.

Tess, adapted, without Hardy's authority, by Hugh Arthur Kennedy. Opened at the Coronet Theatre, Notting Hill Gate, 19 February 1900. Somewhat revised it transferred to the Comedy Theatre, 14 April 1900. Hardy wrote to the Times (21 February 1900) to disavow all connection with this play, which was eventually closed by an injunction from Minnie Maddern Fiske.

Cast: Angel Clare, William Kittredge; Alec Trantridge, Whitworth Jones; Rev. Cuthbert Clare, Bangley Imeson; John Durbeyfield, James Craig; Dairyman Crick, Leonard Hubert; Abraham, Garnet Vayne; Mrs. Durbeyfield, Lillian Hingston; Marian, Annie Webster; Retty, Rosalind Ivan; Izz, Gertrude Lovel; Liza-Lu, Miss Vayne; Tess, Mrs. Lewis Waller. There were some cast modifications on transferral to the Comedy, the most significant of which saw Oswald Yorke cast as Angel and Fred Terry as Alec.

The Three Wayfarers. Opened, on a double bill with G. K. Chesterton's Magic, at the Little Theatre, London, 21 November 1913.

The Dynasts, adapted by H. Granville Barker and Thomas Hardy. Opened at the Kingsway Theatre, London, 25 November 1914.

Cast: Reader, Henry Ainley; Strophe, Esmé Beringer; Antistrophe, Carrie Haase.

Part I -- Trafalgar:

First Passenger, Cecil Bevan; Second Passenger, Clifford Marquand; Third Passenger, C. Croker-King; Pedestrian, Allan Wade; First Spectator, F. B. J. Sharp; Second Spectator, John Sargent; Third Spectator, Charles Koop; First Old Man, Charles Daly; Second Old Man, W. O. Billington; Mrs. Cantle, Esmé Hubbard; Private Cantle, Norman Page; Admiral Villeneuve, Clarence Derwent; Flag Captain Magendie, Nicholson Tucker; Lieutenant Daudignon, John Astley; Petty Officer, Gerard Clifton; Nelson, Nicholas Hannen; Dr. Scott, Frank Darch; Captain Hardy, Frederick Ross; Officer, Henry Hargreaves; Lieutenant, William Muir; Pollard, Franklin Bellamy; Dr. Magrath, Charles Maunsell; Dr. Beatty, A. Harding Steerman; First Citizen, A. G. Poulton; Second King, Charles King; Boy, Arthur Burrell; Third Citizen, Charles Stone; Boatman, Rutland Barrington.

Part II -- The Peninsula:

First Deserter, Charles Koop; Second Deserter, Franklyn Bellamy; Third Deserter, Sam Wilkinson; Fourth Deserter, Charles King; Fifth Deserter, Reginald Tippett; Sergeant, John Sargent; Officer, John Astley; Napoleon, Sydney Valentine; French Officer, Gerrard Clifton; Marshal Soult, A. Harding Steerman; Straggler, Clifford Marquand; Colonel Graham, Cecil Bevan; Captain Hardinge, Charles Maunsell; Sir John Moore, H. R. Hignett; Sir John Hope, Bert Thomas; Major Colborne, William Muir; Surgeon, F. B. J. Sharp; Chaplain, V. Tarver Penna; Sentinel, A. G. Poulton; Mrs. Dalbiac, Beatrice Smith; Mrs. Prescott, Pauline Strauss; Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Henry Hargreaves; Lord Wellington, Murray Carrington; Sergeant Young, Albert Chapman; Second Hussar, Allan Wade; Marshal Ney, Edward Irwin; Marshal Caulaincourt, E. H. Brooke; Marshal Macdonald, Frank Darch; Roustan, Clarence Derwent; Constant, A. Lubimoff.

Part III -- Waterloo:

Rustic, Charles Daly; Yeoman, W. O. Billington; Girl, Dorothy Warren; Woman, Hilda Francks; Longways, Reginald Tippett; Vicar, F. B. J. Sharp; Private Cantle, Norman Page; Coach Guard, John Sargent; Young Officer, Franklyn Bellamy; His Partner, Vera Cunningham; Her Mother, Florence Haydon; General Sir Thomas Picton; Cecil Bevan; Duke of Richmond, H. G. Hignett; Duchess of Richmond, Mary Fenner; Duke of Wellington, Murray Carrington; Muffling, Allan Wade; Prince of Orange, Frank Darch; Duke of Brunswick, C. Croker-King; Gentleman next door, Charles Stone; Napoleon, Sydney Valentine; Marshal Soult, A. Harding Steerman; Another Marshal, E. H. Brooke; Third Marshal, V. Tarver Penna; Aide, Eric H. Messiter; Another Aide, Clifford Marquand; Colonel Marbot, Gerard Clifton; Prussian Prisoner, Charles Koop; Bridgeman, Charles Maunsell; Earl of Uxbridge, Nicholson Tucker; Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Henry Hargreaves; Aide, Albert Chapman; Colonel Heymès, Bert Thomas; Aide, H. Brough Robertson; Another Aide, Charles King; Lord Hill, Edward Irwin; Colonel Colborne, William Muir; Lord Saltoun, William Moore.

Tess, adapted by Thomas Hardy. Philip Ridgeway production. Opened at the Barnes Theatre, London, 7 September 1925. Transferred to Garrick Theatre, 2 November 1925. With Christine Silver in the title role, this production went on tour in 1926, with performances at the King's Theatre, Hammersmith and in Bournemouth, Glasgow, Liverpool, Harrogate, Sheffield, and Manchester.

Cast: Angel Clare, Ion Swinley; Alec d'Urberville, Austin Trevor; John Durbeyfield, Stanley Lathbury; Mr. Tringham, C. Leveson Lane; Felix Clare, Arthur J. Mayne; Jonathan Kail, H. Saxon-Snell; Labourer, John Le Hay; Boy, Baron Salomons; Tess, Gwen Ffrangçon-Davies; Joan Durbeyfield, Margaret Carter; Liza-Lu, Gabrielle Casartelli; Sarah, Natalie Moya; Labourer's Wife, Drusilla Wills; Landlady, Elizabeth Webster; Izz, Phyllis de Lange; Marian, Betty Belloc; Maidservant, Tita Casartelli.

The Mayor of Casterbridge, adapted by John Drinkwater. Philip Ridgeway production. Opened at the Barnes Theatre, London, 8 September 1926.

Cast: Furmity Woman and Pauline, Lilian M. Revell; First Rustic and Alderman Tupper, Arthur Ewart; Second Rustic, S. D. I. Rector; Third Rustic, A. M. Stone; Fourth Rustic, George S. Field; Young Man, Donald King; Girl, Elizabeth Wills; Woman, Mary Desmond; Susan Henchard, Christine Silver; Michael Henchard, Lyn Harding; Newson and Solomon Longways, Milton Rosmer; Elizabeth Jane, Moyna MacGill; Nance Mockridge, Cathleen Orford; Christopher Coney, Basil Dyne; Donald Farfrae, Colin Keith-Johnston; Polly, Queenie Russell; Mrs. Stannidge, Mary Desmond; Mrs. Cuxsom, Annie Hill; Abel Whittle, Dan F. Roe; Girl, Monica Stracey; Carter, Peter Baxter; Townsman, Edward Sinclair; Lucetta, Louise Prussing.

Tess, adapted by Thomas Hardy. Hugh Bernard production. Pavilion Theatre, Weymouth, 8, 9, 10 September 1927.

Cast: Mr. Tringham, Labourer, Eric Westwood; John Durbeyfield, Arthur Knight; Joan Durbeyfield, Edith Griffith; Sarah, Marion, Landlady, Clare de la Grange; Tess, Hilda Moss; Alec d'Urberbville, T. Edward-Martin; Liza-Lu, Izz, Labourer's Wife, Audrey Beresford; Felix Clare, Wilfred Granville; Angel Clare, Norman Mathews; Jonathan Kail, W. Nelson; Maidservant, B. Ford.

Tess, adapted by Thomas Hardy. The year after Hardy's death, the Philip Ridgeway production of Hardy's own Tess was revived, with Gertrude Bugler in the starring role. It opened at the Duke of York's Theatre, London on 23 July 1929.

Cast: Angel Clare, Lawrence Anderson; Mr. Tringham, Drelincourt Odlum; John Durbeyfield, A. S. Homewood; Boy, Leonard Hayes; Joan Durbeyfield, Barbara Gott; Sarah and Izz, Irene Barnett; Tess, Gertrude Bugler; Alec d'Urberville, Martin Lewis; Liza-Lu, Joyce Moore; Felix Clare, Arthur Mayne; Jonathan Kail, Harold Young; Marian, Sonia Bellamy; Labourer's Wife, Drusilla Wills; Labourer, H. Saxon-Snell; Landlady, Marjorie Caldicott; Maidservant, Tita Casartelli.