Web Page of the Ottawa-Carleton Number Theory Seminar
- Damien Roy: email@example.com
- Daniel Fiorilli: Daniel.Fiorilli@uottawa.ca
- Saban Alaca: SabanAlaca@cunet.carleton.ca
September 21, 2018, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room KED B-004
- Speaker: Damien Roy (U. of Ottawa)
- Title: A measure of transcendence for singular points on conics
- Abstract: A singular point on a plane conic defined over Q is a transcendental point of the curve which admits very good rational approximations, uniformly in terms of the height. Extremal numbers and Sturmian continued fractions are abscissa of such points on the parabola y=x^2. In this talk, we provide a measure of transcendence for singular points on conics defined over Q which, in these two cases, improves on the measure obtained by Adamczewski et Bugeaud. The main tool is a quantitative version of Schmidt subspace theorem due to Evertse.
October 5, 2018, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room KED B-004
- Speaker: Luca Ghidelli (U. of Ottawa)
- Title: On Waring's problem in short intervals: the case of four fourth powers
- Abstract: Consider the set S of natural numbers that can be written as a sum of four 4th powers. How large is the spacing between two elements of this set? It can be arbitrarily large, as a consequence recent work by the author. In this talk we show, on the other hand, how do the Circle Method of G.H.Hardy and J.E.Littlewood and a strategy of S.Daniel provide nontrivial upper bounds on these gaps. This work is motivated by an arithmetic study of the values of a biquadratic theta function.
November 2, 2018, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room STE J0106
- Speaker: Hugo Chapdelaine (U. Laval)
- Title: Revisiting the classical Kronecker limit formula after the work of R. Borcherds
- Abstract: : In this talk we will revisit the so-called first Kronecker limit formula under the lens provided by some of the work of Richard Borcherds who discovered around the mid 90s a refinement to the so-called theta correspondence for special dual pairs of reductive groups. In our setting, the dual pair is simply (SL_2(R), SO(2,1)) and the integration kernel of this correspondence is played by a Siegel theta function which was introduced in 1948 in a seminal paper of Carl Ludwig Siegel in its study of indefinite quadratic forms.
November 16, 2018, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room FTX 136
- Speaker: Anthony Poëls (U. d'Ottawa)
- Title: Diophantine exponents of approximation to a real number and to its square
- Abstract: : For each real number ξ we may define four diophantine exponents which measure how "well" ξ and its square can be approximated by rational numbers or linear forms with integers coefficients. However, we do not know many families of numbers for which we can compute the associated exponents and determine the sequence of best rational approximations. First, we will present well-known examples: some of Roy's extremal numbers, Bugeaud-Laurent's Sturmian fractions and Roy's Fibonacci type numbers. Then we will give a construction which generalizes the previous constructions. The numbers so obtained are said to be of Sturmian type.
November 30, 2018, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room FTX 136
- Speaker: Luca Ghidelli (U. of Ottawa)
- Title: On the non-uniqueness of Fourier-Ramanujan expansions
- Abstract: : A Fourier-Ramanujan series is one of the form S(n)=∑q T(q) cq(n), where q and n run over the positive integers, and cq(n) is a certain exponential sum called Ramanujan sum. Ramanujan (1918) found that with T(q)=1/q the resulting series S(n) is identically zero. Hardy (1921) observed that the same happens for T(q)=1/φ(q). Both formulas are equivalent to the Prime Number Theorem! We will show how to produce infinitely more examples. This is joint work with Giovanni Coppola.
December 6, 2018, 10:30, U. of Ottawa, room FTX 136
- Speaker: Daniel Fiorilli (U. of Ottawa)
- Title: Chebyshev's bias in Galois groups
- Abstract: (joint with Florent Jouve) In a 1853 letter, Chebyshev noted that there seems to be more primes of the form 4n+3 than of the form 4n+1. Many generalizations of this phenomenon have been studied. In this talk we will discuss Chebyshev's bias in the context of the Chebotarev density theorem.
In this second talk on the topic, we will begin by reviewing the results presented in the first talk, and give more proof ideas. We will also focus on the generic case of Sn extensions, in which the question is strongly linked with the representation theory of this group and the ramification data of the extensions. We will see in detail how to take advantage of the rich representation theory of the symmetric group as well as bounds on characters due to Roichman, Féray, Sniady, Larsen and Shalev.
January 25, 2019, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room STE J0106 (in the SITE building, not STEM)
- Speaker: Richard Gottesman (Queen's University)
- Title: Vector-Valued Modular Forms on Γ0(2)
- Abstract: I will begin by giving an introduction to the theory of vector-valued modular forms. I will then describe my work on the arithmetic of vector-valued modular forms with respect to a representation of Γ0(2). The collection of vector-valued modular forms form a graded module over the graded ring of modular forms. I will explain how understanding the structure of this module allows one to show that the component functions of vector-valued modular forms satisfy an ordinary differential equation whose coefficients are modular forms. In certain cases, we can use a Hauptmodul to transform such a differential equation into a Fuchsian differential equation on the projective line minus three points. We then use the Gaussian hypergeometric series to explicitly solve this differential equation. Finally, we make use of these ideas together with some algebraic number theory to study the prime numbers that divide the denominators of the Fourier coefficients of the component functions of vector-valued modular forms.
March 15, 2019, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room STE J0106 (in the SITE building, not STEM)
- Speaker: Gary Walsh (University of Ottawa and Tutte Institute)
- Title: Classifying certain elliptic curves with rational 2 torsion in terms of the existence of integer points
- Abstract: We continue work of ours and of Michael Bennett concerning the existence of integer points on curves with rational 2 torsion, and relate the existence to various problems in both Analytic Number Theory and Diophantine Analysis. Many open problems will be discussed along with a status report using recent theorems that follow from the work of Andrew Wiles and others on the applications of Galois representations.
April 12, 2019, 14:00, Carleton U., room HP 4351
- Speaker: Michael Jacobson Jr. (University of Calgary)
- Title: Tabulating Class Groups of Quadratic Fields
- Abstract: Class groups of quadratic fields have been studied since the time of Gauss, and in modern times have been used in applications such as integer factorization and public-key cryptography. Tables of class groups are used to provide valuable numerical evidence in support of a number of unproven heuristics and conjectures, including those due to Cohen and Lenstra. In this talk, we discuss recent efforts to extend existing, unconditionally correct tables of quadratic fields, as well as applications to numerical investigations of "fake" real quadratic orders and complex cubic number fields.
June 18, 2019, 14:30, U. of Ottawa, room FTX 137 (Fauteux Hall)
- Speaker: Lucile Devin (Université de Montréal et Université d'Ottawa)
- Title: Biais de Chebyshev dans les corps de fonctions et zéros des fonctions L
- Abstract: Suite à l'étude des biais de Chebyshev par Rubinstein et Sarnak ainsi que la traduction dans les corps de fonctions par Cha, on observe que ce biais est mieux décrit par une distribution limite μ. On présentera des conditions sur les zéros de fonctions L pour garantir que la distribution μ est continue ou symétrique (ou pas). Un travail en commun avec X. Meng sur la répartition des polynômes à coefficients dans un corps fini et ayant k facteurs irréductibles dans les classes de congruences servira à illustrer ces propriétés. En particulier nous mettrons en avant un phénomène particulier dans ce contexte qui diffère du cas de l'anneau des entiers: il arrive qu'il y ait un biais définitif dans une direction.
Seminars from previous years